On the edge of Salisbury Plain stand these awe-inspiring circles of towering stones, the most celebrated Neolithic and Bronze Age remains in England. The monument dates from between 2000 and 1400 B.C. It is difficult to imagine how men with only primitive tools could possibly have transported and erected these massive stones. Eighty of them came from the Prescelly Mountains in Wales.
Stonehenge’s origins and purpose are shrouded in mystery, but it seems it was built to calculate the annual calendar and seasons. Its axis is carefully aligned with the sunrise on 21st June, the longest day in the year. No wonder Thomas Hardy set the ending of his tragic novel “Tess of the D’Urbervilles” here amongst his “Temple of the Winds.”